Recently Ban Ki-moon, the UN secretary general, applauded the 15-year global push to meet the Millennium Development Goals on poverty, education, gender equality, child mortality, maternal health, disease, the environment and global partnership. Amidst such praised effort, he cautioned that the world is still riven with inequality, something that is well-documented by a new UN report.
In his words, “The MDGs helped to lift more than one billion people out of extreme poverty, to make inroads against hunger, to enable more girls to attend school than ever before and to protect our planet”. Acknowledging the inadequacies of UN’s motivation, he said “Yet for all the remarkable gains, I am keenly aware that inequalities persist and that progress has been uneven.”
In a recent publication Sam Jones described the 15 year push by the UN on ending poverty for one billion people in the world. Jones’ work stated that holistic development involves collective integrated strategies and partnerships. The diverse views and approaches towards development though necessary, pose a challenge to the global coordination body; hence there is an indispensable need to improve the way that the world works together on development. This has been aided by an increase in the amount of official development assistance (ODA) that rich countries give to developing nations. ODA increased by 66% and reached a high record of $134.8bn in 2013.
In order to attain a more integral outcome so as to tackle root causes of poverty and do more to integrate the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, the UN should incorporate lessons learned from the MDGs into their operational strategies, and improve upon the sustainable development goals agenda for the next 15 years.
Ban Ki-moon frankly observed that “Reflecting on the MDGs and looking ahead to the next 15 years, there is no question that we can deliver on our shared responsibility to end poverty, leave no one behind and create a world of dignity for all.”