We cannot underestimate the astronomical growth of the world’s population. It is only necessary and inevitable to ask questions around securing the future of food production, its distribution, and its consumption in order to ascertain sustainability of the universe.
The Food and Agriculture Organization’s report last year indicates that about 805 million people in the world, or one in nine, suffer from hunger and still chronically undernourished (in terms of dietary energy supply). The vast majority of these, 805 million live in developing countries (mostly located in Africa), where the prevalence of undernourishment is now estimated at 12.03 percent of the population.
Indicators for existing hunger would imply that a swift and innovative response is needed to overcome it by both global and local institutions in healthy partnerships. However, we cannot talk about overcoming food insecurity without discussing the improvement of both food and agricultural systems, which includes production and consumption trends. In recalling the fact that Africa’s approximately one billion farmers have remained uniquely vulnerable to food insecurity, there are also overwhelming effects such as infant and maternal malnutrition, together with a growing health crisis. This also creates a vacuum in developing economies.
It is our belief that the global population of two billion farmers would hold the greatest promise for a solution to the challenge of global hunger (malnutrition and food security), when they are unconditionally empowered. This can be done with innovative farming techniques and trainings such as agro-ecology, thereby producing successful results to strengthen and guarantee income and food security for small farmers and local communities in a climate-friendly approach. The space for those involved in the process must be healthy and morally mutual to exclude the emerging trends of land grab, economic control, unfair trade laws and practices to allow everybody access to enough food and resources. This is how food justice can complement food security.
There have been numerous results unfolding from the various MCC food and water programs in some African countries. The millions of people faced with hunger, poverty and broken health systems as a result of violent conflict have been assisted in improving their farming and food systems. The sand dams, water wells, and reservoirs that MCC works on provide water for farms during droughts and dry seasons, as well as livestock. The capacity for innovative farming techniques among farmers and communities is being developed and should be continued. These techniques can include the sowing of variety of seeds and a focus on improving the quality of soil.
Further improvements to food security are vital for the continued development of many parts of the world. Progress will come only with consistency and a focus on empowering farmers and communities in food insecure areas at the smallest levels.